Yozgat, formerly Bozok, is a city and the capital district of Yozgat province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 113,614 of which 73,930 live in the city of Yozgat.
The Ottoman Empire annexed Yozgat in 1398. After Timur Lenk's short hegemony, it was reannexed to the Ottoman Empire in 1408.
At around 1911, it was the chief town of a sanjak of the same name in the Ankara vilayet of Asia Minor, elevation 4,380 ft (1,335 m), situated 105 mi (170 km) east of Ankara, near the head of a narrow valley through which the Ankara–Sivas road runs. The town was built largely out of the ruins of Nefez Keui (anc. Tavium, today known as Büyüknefes), by Chapan Oghlu, the founder of a powerful Dere Bey family. There was a trade in yellow berries and mohair. The sanjak was very fertile, and contained good breeding-grounds, upon which horses, camels and cattle were reared. The population included a large Armenian community