Fishing can be done without a license in non-prohibited and non-military areas as long as you are an amateur, using amateur and non-commercial equipment, multi-hooked lines, and fishing nets not weighing more than 5 kilograms.
Latest details concerning fishing zones, the minimum sizes of fish that can be caught, and the numbers of fish that can be caught per person, can be obtained from the Department of Fisheries at the Turkish Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock.
Commercial fishing by foreigners might result in heavy penalties. During breeding seasons, fishing is illegal in some areas; this depends on the region and type of fish. However, the fishing ban generally lasts from 1 April to 1 September.
Sea turtles, dolphins, sandbar sharks, black coral, cuttlefish, and sea horses are protected, and it is illegal to fish them.
The most productive fishing season in saltwater is from late summer until early winter, although this varies according to region. In summer, saltwater fish approach the shores; in winter, they retreat to open and deep waters.
Especially Aegean Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Marmara Sea, are the rich fishing areas.
At practically every saltwater fishing site, however, it is possible to fish with local fishermen and use their methods and tackle.
For freshwater fishing, it is best to use a guide who knows the region being fished, although guides are not numerous.