Erzincan is the capital of Erzincan Province in the eastern Anatolian region of Turkey. Nearby cities include Erzurum, Sivas, Tunceli, Bingöl, Elazığ, Malatya, Gumushane, Bayburt, and Giresun. The city is located at 39° 45' 12" North and 39° 20' 28" East, with an altitude of 1185 meters. The population is 222.918 (2015 census).

The city is very famous for the special cheese called "Tulum Peyniri" in Turkish.

Erzincan is located on the North Anatolian Fault, a very seismically active fault zone, and has been struck by several severe earthquakes in its history, most notably that on December 26, 1939 which killed approximately 39,000 people (1939 Erzincan earthquake). The last major earthquake took place in March 13, 1992.

Varaztad Kazanjian, Armenian-American dentist who was one of the pioneers of plastic surgery, was born in Erzincan.

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